Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (M. B. B. S.) are the two first professional undergraduate degrees awarded upon graduation from medical school in medicine and surgery by universities in various countries that follow the tradition of the United Kingdom. The naming suggests that they are two separate degrees; however, in practice, they are usually treated as one and awarded together.The students complete a course of four and a half years followed by one year of a compulsory rotatory internship before applying for the degree. Regulating Authority is planning to reduce course by six month means it will be four year duration with credit based system.
The course is divided into four parts with only the second part lasting one and a half years. Students take an examination at the end of each part. The first part comprises pre-clinical subjects: anatomy, physiology and biochemistry. The second part includes para-clinical subjects: pharmacology, microbiology, pathology and forensic medicine. The third part comprises clinical subjects and is divided into Part I comprising preventive and social medicine, ophthalmology, otorhinolaryngology and Part II comprising general medicine, general surgery & orthopedics, pediatrics and obstetrics and gynecology respectively. The 12 month internship is compulsory to attain both the degrees and registration with the Medical Council of India.
Following M. B. B. S. they can apply for post graduate (specialty) courses which will be for 2 to 3 years they will receive a degree as M. D., M. S., D. N. B. depending on the subjects. Following this they can also further do super specialty courses in Cardiology, Neurology, Oncology, Nephrology, Gastroenterology, Endocrinology, Immunology etc. for 3 more years, they will be awarded the degree as D. M. (medical), M. Ch. (surgical), D. N. B. (medical/surgical).