Free-body diagrams, equilibrium equations; Internal forces in structures; Friction and its applications; Kinematics of point mass and rigid body; Centre of mass; Euler’s equations of motion; Impulse-momentum; Energy methods; Principles of virtual work. Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams; stress and strain relationships; bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, shear centre; Uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses. Statically determinate and indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods; Method of superposition; Analysis of trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames; Displacement methods: Slope deflection and moment distribution methods; Influence lines; Stiffness and flexibility methods of structural analysis.
Concrete Structures - Working stress, Limit state and Ultimate load design concepts; Design of beams, slabs, columns; Bond and development length; Prestressed concrete. Steel Structures - Design concepts; Design of tension and compression members, beams and beam- columns, column bases; Connections; plate girders and trusses; Plastic analysis of beams and frames.
Structural steel - composition, material properties and behaviour; Concrete - mix design, short-term and long-term properties; Bricks and mortar; Timber; Bitumen. Types of construction projects; Tendering and contracts; Rate analysis and standard specifications; Cost estimation; Project planning and network analysis.
Phase relationships, index properties; classification system; Permeability - one dimensional flow; Principle of effective stress, capillarity, seepage force and quicksand condition; Compaction; Onedimensional consolidation; Mohr’s circle, effective and total shear strength parameters. Sub-surface investigations - Earth pressure theories; Stability of slopes; Stress distribution in soils ; Shallow foundations - bearing capacity theories; Combined footing and raft foundation; Contact pressure; Settlement analysis; Deep foundations - types of piles, dynamic and static formulae, load capacity of piles.
Fluid statics; Continuity, momentum, energy and corresponding equations; Potential flow, applications of momentum and energy equations; Laminar and turbulent flow; Flow in pipes; Concept of boundary layer. Forces on immersed bodies; Flow measurement in channels and pipes; Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude; Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles; Basics of hydraulic machines; Channel Hydraulics. Hydrologic cycle, hydrograph analysis, flood estimation and routing, reservoir capacity. Crop water requirements; Design of canals, head works, gravity dams and spillways; Types of irrigation systems; Canal regulatory works.
Water quality standards and requirements, basic unit processes and operations for water treatment, distribution of water. Sewage and sewerage treatment, quantity and characteristics of wastewater. Primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of wastewater, effluent discharge standards. Unit operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater, sludge disposal. Air pollution control, air quality standards and limits. Municipal Solid Wastes management. Noise Pollution: permissible limits, control methods.
Highway alignment and engineering surveys; Geometric design of highways, horizontal and vertical alignments; Geometric design of railway track; Airport runway length, taxiway design. Highway materials; Design of bituminous paving mixes; Design of flexible and rigid pavements; Distresses in concrete pavements. Traffic studies on flow, speed, travel time - delay and O-D study, PCU, peak hour factor, Types of intersections and channelization.
Principles of surveying; Errors and their adjustment; Maps - scale, coordinate system; Distance and angle measurement - Levelling and trigonometric levelling; Traversing and triangulation survey; Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves.