Less than two decades ago, when land was first acquired by Amrita, this 350-acre campus had a completely different terrain. Vegetation was thin and the land was dry and covered with thorny shrubs. Today the lush, green campus has nearly one lakh trees!!
Of the 170 countries in the world, a mere 17 countries accommodate more than 70% of the world’s species diversity. The United Nations Environment Program's World Conservation Monitor Center has identified India as "megadiverse" which means India has the responsibility of protecting and conserving its diverse yet delicate ecosystems.
Megadiverse countries have exceptional biological diversity with a large number and wide range of endemic species.The concept of "megadiversity" involves an estimate of the total number of all the organisms in an ecosystem and means that a place has a larger percentage of living species in its territory than what would correspond to it if that percentage were proportional to its surface. This concept stresses the importance of certain countries that have large biological diversity within their borders, many of which are endemic species. It is obvious that organisms are not at the disposal of frontiers but a megadiverse country is one in which a large number of species can be found. Therefore, megadiverse countries possess an invaluable resource.
The Western Ghats, where our campus is nestled, and the Eastern Himalayas are two of the world's 18 "biodiversity hotspots". These are places where exceptional concentrations of endemic species are undergoing exceptional loss of habitat (Myers 1999). Having a rich biodiversity, the internationally acclaimed Western Ghats ecosystem extends from the mountains to the seashore. The tropical forest of the Western Ghats accommodates an abundant multipurpose species of plants, animals, birds, insects and microorganisms under the evergreen forest cover. These forests are also considered storehouses of economically important plants, many of which are medicinal.
As a result of exploitative deeds due to human interference, these bio reserves are disappearing at an alarming rate. Developmental activities like road construction, urbanization and agriculture have stripped the land of its vegetation along with its animal wealth. Because of these circumstances, for the sake of posterity, we are committed to practicing and spreading the message of protection for all types of natural resources. Consequently we have ensured that in all our development programs nature and environment are not affected negatively while undertaking many endeavors that restore natural resources.
Trees greatly benefit from good soil and water quality, which are the prime important features of biodiversity development. Leaf and other litter that accumulates under trees create an environment conducive and ideal for the growth of microorganisms, earthworms and other organisms and help maintain soil porosity while enriching soil fertility. Trees also improve habitat development and facilitate sheltering places for epiphytic plants like orchids and lichens, fungus, algae, and animals such as insects, birds, reptiles and other organisms.