Energy and Environment
ENERGY IS CENTRAL TO MANY ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS THAT THE WORLD FACES TODAY. LACK OF ACCESS TO RELIABLE, AFFORDABLE AND SUSTAINABLE ENERGY SERVICES CONTRIBUTES TO A SELF-PERPETUATING CYCLE OF POVERTY, AND PROBLEMS OF HEALTH, GENDER INEQUITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION. DEVELOPING COUNTRIES NEED RELIABLE ACCESS TO MODERN ENERGY IF THEY ARE TO ACHIEVE ECONOMIC GROWTH, REDUCE POVERTY AND IMPROVE THE HEALTH OF THEIR CITIZENS. INVESTMENT IN MODERN ENERGY IS INDISPENSABLE FOR A PROSPEROUS AND SUSTAINABLE FUTURE.
Energy use and supply is of fundamental importance to society and, with the possible exception of agriculture and forestry, has made the greatest impact on the environment of any human activity - a result of the large scale and pervasive nature of energy related activities. Although energy and environment concerns were originally local in character - for example, problems associated with extraction, transport or noxious emissions - they have now widened to cover regional and such as acid rain and the greenhouse effect. Such problems have now become major political issues and the subject of international debate and regulation. It is for this reason that there is a need for a focused and dedicated study on energy and environment issues.
Energy and Environment is an interdisciplinary study aimed at covering the direct and indirect environmental impacts of energy acquisition, transport, production and use. A particular objective is to cover the social, economic and political dimensions of such issues at local, national and international level. The technological and scientific aspects of energy and environment such as energy conservation, the interaction of energy forms and systems with the physical environment, including the relationship of such questions to wider economic and socio-political issues are covered. Other topics covering energy related environmental questions, such as the use of fuel wood and continuing impacts of de-forestation are also included.
What does it mean to be a woman in a place without energy?
In this video, UNDP's Administrator, Helen Clark, describes how access to basic energy can transform lives.
FACTS & FIGURES
After UNDP-sponsored micro-hydropower reached villages in Nepal, almost 20,000 adults were able to participate in more than 250 literacy classes. Others have opened new businesses. Areas with electricity have progressed faster towards the MDGs.