Course Title: 
Aspects of Western Metaphysics
Course Code: 
Year Taught: 
Postgraduate (PG)
School of Arts and Sciences

'Aspects of Western Metaphysics' is a course offered in the first semester of M.A. Philosophy offered by Amrita Darshanam - International Center for Spiritual Studies , Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham

Unit I

Metaphysics: Possibility, Scope and Concerns, Appearance and Reality, Being, Becoming, Essence and Existence.

Unit II

Substance: Aristotle’s Account, Substance and Properties, Kinds and Activity. The Debate between Rationalism and Empiricism, Process View of Reality.

Causation: Causation and Regularity, Causation and Conditionals, Relata of Causation.

Unit III

Space: Nature and Dimensions, Theories, Absolute and Relational, Appearance or Reality.

Time: Nature and Direction, Passage of Time, Theories, Absolute and Relational, Appearance or Reality.

Relation between Space and Time.

Unit IV

Universals and Particulars: Distinctions, Varieties, Abstract Entities, Nominalism, Resemblance, Classes.

Realism: Classical and Contemporary.

Unit V

Mind and Body: Dualism and Materialism, Contemporary Debates.

Self-Knowledge and Self-Identity: Memory Criterion, Body Criterion, The Primitiveness of the Concept of the Person.


  1. F. H. Bradley.  Appearance and Reality. London: Scholar’s Choice, 2015. English.
  2. Richard Taylor. Metaphysics. London: Prentice Hall, 1992. English.
  3. Sosa &Tooley (Eds.). Causation. London: Oxford University Press, 1993. English.
  4. Richard Swinburne. Space and Time. New York: Macmillan and Co Ltd., 1968. English.
  5. D. M. Armstrong. Universals: An Opinionated Introduction. Boulder: West View Press, 1989. English.
  6. Blackwell. Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Mind. USA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2007. English.
  7. David Hales (Ed.). Metaphysics: Contemporary Readings. Michigan: Wadsworth Publishing Company Ltd., 1999. English.
  8. D. C. Dennett. Consciousness Explained. UK: Penguin Books, 1991. English.
  9. A. C. Greling (Ed.). Philosophy: A Guide Through the Subject. London: Oxford University Press, 1998. English.
  10. P. M. Churchland. Matter and Consciousness. New York: Rockefeller University Press, 1985. English.