Course Title: 
Education in Contemporary India
Course Code: 
Year Taught: 
Integrated Degree
School of Arts and Sciences

'Education in Contemporary India' is a course offered in the eight semester of Integrated B. Sc. - B. Ed. in Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science program at the School of Arts and Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Mysuru campus.

On completion of the course, the student teacher will;

  • Develop an understanding of the concept and aims of education.
  • Acquire an awareness of the development of education in India.
  • Analyse the divergent philosophies behind education and their implications.
  • Analyse the diversities, unifying factors, constitutional provisions.
  • Appreciate the role of education in national development.
  • Comprehend the integral relationship between education and society.
  • Comprehend the nature of contemporary Indian society-social, economic and political environment-with reference to the educational systems.
  • Get acquainted with various levels of education in India.
  • Develop proper attitude towards solving social and academic problems in the school today.
  • Explore the significant role to be played by teachers as agents of social change in India.

Unit I: Education as an evolving concept

  1. Concept and Aims of Education.
  2. Education in India - Ancient, Medieval and Western systems of education in India (Macaulay’s Minutes and Wood’s Dispatch), Education Commissions in pre Independence India(Hunter’s Commission, Sargent Report).
  3. Relationship between Philosophy and Education.
  4. Contributions of Indian Philosophers in Education - Swami Vivekananda, Rabindranath Tagore, Mahatma Gandhiji and Sarvepalli Radha Krishnan.

Unit II: Constitutional provisions related to education

  1. Directive Principles of State Policy, Fundamental Rights and Duties.
  2. Articles related to education (15, 16, 17, 19, 21, 21a, 24, 28, 29, 30, 45, 350,350a)
  3. Constitutional values related to education.

Unit III: Policies and Programmes

  1. University Education Commission (Radhakrishnan commission1948-49), Secondary Education Commission (Mudaliar Commission 1952-53), Indian Education Commission (Kothari Commission 1964-66).
  2. NPE 1986, Revised NPE (1992)
  3. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) - Akshara Dasoha, Nali – Kali, Chaitanya, Edu sat.
  4. RMSA, RTE Act (2009), RUSA, Role of DIET’s, NCERT, DSERT and NCTE.
  5. Higher education system- structure and role of UGC and NUEPA.

Unit IV: Diversities in India

  1. National and emotional integration.
  2. Indian society - Unity in diversity, inequality and marginalization.
  3. Languages and media of instruction in schools.

Unit V: Education in the global context

  1. Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization in education (L.P.G.) - Implications for quality and expansion. 
  2. Education as investment – Human resource development 5.3 Education for international understanding.
  1. Dewey J (1966). Democracy in Education, New York: Macmillan Publishers.
  2. Dewey J (1967). Experience and Education, Touchstone, New York.
  3. Dewey John (1956). The Child and the Curriculum and ‘School and Society’ Chicago, Illinois,USA: University of Chicago Press.
  4. Gandhi MK (1956). Basic Education, Ahmedabad: Navajeevan Publishers.
  5. Govt of India, MHRD (1986, revised 1992). National Policy on Education, New Delhi.
  6. Kuppuswamy B.( 1980). Social change in India, Delhi: Vikas Publication House.
  7. Mohanty .J. (1988). Indian Education in the Emerging Society, Bangalore: Sterling Publishers.
  8. NCERT (1985). Teacher and Education in Emerging Indian Society, New Delhi, NCERT.
  9. Taneja V. R. (1985). Educational thought and practice, New Delhi: Sterling Publishers.
  10. UNDPA Human Development Reports. New Delhi. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  11. Yadav and Yadav (1990) Education in Emerging Indian Society, New Delhi, Tandon Publications.
  12. De, A., Khera, R., Samson, M., & Shiva Kumar, A.K. (2011). PROBE revisited: A report on elementary education in India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  13. Govinda, R. (2011). Who goes to school? Exploring exclusion in Indian education. Oxford University Press.
  14. Ilaiah, K. (1996). Why I am not a Hindu: A Sudra critique ofhindutva philosophy, culture and political economy. Samya Publications.
  15. Letter to a teacher: By the school of Barbiana.(1970). Retrieved from
  16. NCERT. (2005). National curriculum framework. NCERT.
  17. NCERT. (2006a). Position paper-National focus group on education with special needs (NCF 2005). New Delhi: NCERT.
  18. NCERT. (2006b). Position paper-National focus group on gender issues in the
  19. Curriculum (NCF 2005). NCERT.
  20. NCERT. (2006c). Position paper-National focus group onproblems of scheduled caste andscheduled tribe children (NCF 2005). New Delhi: NCERT.
  21. NCERT. (2006d). Position paper-National focus group on teaching of Indian language (NCF 2005).New Delhi: NCERT.
  22. The PROBE Team. (1999). Public report on basic education in India. Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  23.,_Directive_Principles_a... al_Duties_of_India
  1. Ongoing programmes of Elementary and Secondary Education introduced by Government of Karnataka and at National Level.
  2. Indian concept of Education.
  3. Contribution of Swami Vivekananda, Rabindranath Tagore, Mahatma Gandhiji and Sarvepalli Radha Krishnan to the development of education.
  4. National Educational Policies - 1968 - 1986 - 1992. 
  5. Role of MHRD.
  6. Study any one of the State and Centrally Sponsored schemes of education and submit a report on it.
  7. An analysis of the present educational situation in India in terms of policies of the Government\ reservation\ vocationalisation etc. and present a report on it with suggestive measures to improve the present status.
  8. A study of hurdles in fulfilling the Constitutional provision in respect of article 15,16,17,18,19,2,21a,28,29,30 and 45,350 and 350a.
  9. Critical Analysis of the implication of Right to Education Act – 2009. 
  10. Collect and interpret the data regarding the output of Sarva Shikshana Abhiyana (SSA).
  11. Discuss the comments/views on on-going programmes Akshara Dasoha, Nali – Kali, Chaitanya, Edu sat.
  12. Conduct a seminar on the Aims and objectives of “Rastreeya Madyamika Shikshana Abhiyana (RMSA).