Course Title: 
Educational Research
Course Code: 
Year Taught: 
Integrated Degree
School of Arts and Sciences

'Educational Research' is an elective course offered in the eight semester of Integrated B.Sc. - B.Ed. in Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics program at the School of Arts and Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Mysuru campus.

On completion of the course, the student teacher will;

  • Acquire knowledge of research in the field of education.
  • Know the fundamental principles and functions of educational research.
  • Review the educational research articles.
  • Understand the steps involved in educational research.
  • Develop a research proposal.
  • Equip the students with the required knowledge about the ethical issues related to research.
  • Explain a sampling design appropriate for a research study.
  • Understand the use of different tools and techniques in educational research.
  • Understand the role and use of statistics in educational research.
  • Equip the students to prepare and to evaluate research reports.

Unit I: Introduction to Educational Research

  1. Research – meaning, definition and its importance.
  2. Educational research – meaning, definition, significance of educational research, need for scientific approach to research, kinds of educational research.
  3. Steps of educational research – identification of a research problem, review of literature, formulation of objectives and hypothesis, finalization of research design, collection of data, analysis of data and interpretation and report of results.
  4. Preparation of research proposal.

Unit II: Research Ethics

  1. Research Ethics – meaning and ethical treatment of participants.
  2. Ethical issues in educational research.

Unit III: Research Designs

  1. Research Design – meaning and criterias of a good research design.
  2. Quantitative research – historical research, case study and ethnography.
  3. Qualitative research – survey and experimental research.
  4. Sampling – meaning, steps in sampling design, types of sampling design.
  5. Methods of data collection – types of data – primary data collection methods – observation, experimentation, simulation and interview.
  6. Tools for collecting data – Questionnaire, observation schedules, rating scales.

Unit IV: Analysis and Presentation of Data

  1. Processing of data – Editing, coding, classification, tabulation,
  2. Graphical representation of data - frequency tables, mean, bar charts, pie charts, histograms, cross tabulation, other table based analysis, Descriptive and inferential statistics.
  3. Measures of central tendency – mean, median, mode., Measures of variability – range, quartile deviation, standard deviation., Normal Curve., correlation.,chi-square tests., Analysis of variance (ANOVA).
  4. A brief introduction to hypothesis testing.

Unit V: Report Writing and Presentation

  1. Report - Introduction, meaning of report, types of reports.
  2. Writing a report - Planning report writing, format of a research report, report writing stages,
  3. Presentation.
  1. Aggarwal, Y.P. (1998), Statistical Methods, Sterling, New Delhi.
  2. Aggarwal, Y.P. (1998), The Science of Educational Research: A Source book, Nirmal, Kurukshetra. 
  3. Best, John W. and Kahn James V (1995), Research in Education, Prentice Hall, New Delhi.
  4. Burns, R.B. (1991), Introduction to Research in Education, Prentice Hall, New Delhi.
  5. Garrett, H.E. (1973), Statistics in psychology and Education, Vakils, Feffer and Simon, Bombay.
  6. Kerlinger, F.N. (1973), Foundation of Behavioral Research, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York. 
  7. Koul, Lokesh (1988), Methodology of Educational Research, Vikas, New Delhi. Kurtz, A.K. and Mayo S.T. (1980), Statistical Methods in Education and Psychology, Narola, New Delhi.
  8. Mcmillion, James H. and Schumarcher, S. (1989), Research in Education: A Conceptual Introduction, Harper and Collins, New York.
  9. Mouly, A.J. (1963), The Science of Educational Research, Eurosia, New Delhi.
  10. Neuman, W.L. (1997), Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, Allyn and Bacon, Boston.
  11. P. and Benjabin Fruchter (1973), Fundamental Statistics in Psychology and Education, Mac Graw Hill,New York.
  12. R.A.Sharma ;Fundamentals of Educational Research : Meerut, Loyal Book Depot,2003
  13. R.P.Bhatnagar (Ed.) Readings in Methodology of research in Education; Meerut , R Lall Book Depot,2002
  14. Travers, R,M.W. (1978), An Introduction to Educational Research, Macmillan, New York.
  15. Van Delen, D.B. (1962), Understanding Educational Research, Me Graw Hill, New York.
  16. Young, P.V. (1960), Scientific Social Surveys and Research, Prentice Hall, New York. 
  17. Mc Burney, Donal H. (1994) Research Methods, Brooks/ cole publishing company, California
  18. Kumar, Ranjit (2011) Research Methods, Peasrson Education, New Delhi
  19. Koul Lokesh, Methodology of Education Research, vikas publishing house pvt. Ltd. Noida
  20. K V S Sharma, Statistics made Simple Do it Yourself on PC; New Delhi , Prentice Hall of India Private India Limited,2001
  21. M Rajamanikram; Statistical Methods in Psychological and Educational Research New Delhi,Concept Publishing Company, 2001
  1. Prepare a Research Proposal.
  2. Preparation, Try Out and finalization of a tool.
  3. List out the ethical issues related with the research and conduct a discussion on it.
  4. Participate and Present the paper in workshop, Seminar and Conferences.
  5. Identify a problem and submit an Action Research report.
  6. Select a topic of your choice and write Literature Review.
  7. Preparation of Research report.