Course Title: 
Instrumental Methods of Analysis
Course Code: 
Year Taught: 
Undergraduate (UG)
School of Engineering

Instrumental Methods of Analysis is an elective course offered in the B. Tech. programs at the School of Engineering, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham.

Course Outcomes

  • CO1: To develop an understanding of principle and working of the range of instrumental methods in analytical chemistry
  • CO2: To provide an understanding and skills in contemporary methods of separation and appropriate selection of instruments for the successful analysis of chemical compounds
  • CO3: To impart skills in the scientific method of planning, conducting, reviewing, reporting experiments and problem solving in chemical analysis.

Unit 1

Error Analysis and Sampling: Accuracy - Precision - Classification of Errors -Minimization of errors - Standard deviation - Coefficient of variance - F-test - t-test - Significant figures. Sampling - Basis of sampling, Sampling and physical state - Safety measures of sampling.

Separation Techniques: Brief out line of column, paper and thin layer chromatography - Ion exchange methods - principle and application – HPLC.

Unit 2

Gas chromatography - principle and applications – gel chromatography.

Electroanalytical techniques: Potentiometry - Potentiometric titration - determination of equivalence point - acid base, complexometric, redox and precipitation titrations - merits and demerits. Voltammetry - Cyclic voltammetry - basic principle and application - Polarography - introduction - theoretical principles - migration current - residual current - half wave potential - instrumentation - analytical applications.

Unit 3 

Spectro-chemical techniques: UV-VIS spetrophotometry - principle - Beer's Law application - photometric titration - single and double beam spectrophotometer - instrumentation of IR - sample handling - IR applications - H - NMR - Instrumentation and applications – principle - instrumentation - applications of atomic absorption spectroscopy.

Thermal and Diffraction techniques: Principles and applications of DTG - DTA DSC - X-ray - Electron Diffraction Studies - SEM, TEM.


  • Willard H W, Merritt J R, “Instrumental Methods of Analysis”, 6th edition, Prentice Hall, (1986).
  • Skoog Douglas A, West Donald, “Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry”, 7th edition, New York Addison, Wesley, (2001).


  • “Vogel's Textbook of Quantitative Chemical Analysis”, 5th edition, ELBS, (1989).
  • Kaur. H, “Instrumental Methods of Chemical Analysis”, Goel Publisher, (2001).

Evaluation Pattern

Assessment Internal External
Periodical 1 (P1) 15 -
Periodical 2 (P2) 15 -
*Continuous Assessment (CA) 20 -
End Semester - 50
*CA – Can be Quizzes, Assignment, Projects, and Reports.