Course Title: 
Introduction to Philosophical Thinking in India and Europe
Course Code: 
Year Taught: 
Foundation Core
Postgraduate (PG)
School of Arts and Sciences

'Introduction to Philosophical Thinking in India and Europe' is a course offered in the first semester of M.A. Philosophy offered by Amrita Darshanam - International Center for Spiritual Studies , Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham

Unit I

Nature of Indian Philosophy: Plurality as well as Common Concerns. Basic Concepts of the Vedic and Upanisadic World-Views: Rta (the Cosmic Order), The Divine and the Human Realms, The Centrality of the Institution of Yajna (Sacrifice- Pancamahayajnas), Rna (duty or obligation), Vedas: The concept of Absolute (NasadiyaSuktam)

Unit II

Atman, Jagrt, Svapna, Susupti, Turiya, Brahman, Sreyas, Preyas, Karma, Samsara, Mukti.

Unit III

Historical Development in: Carvaka School, Jainism, Buddhism, Nyaya, Vaisesika, Sankhya, Yoga, Mimamsa and Advaita.

Unit IV

Introduction to Early Greek Philosophy: Origin and Development of Early Greek Philosophy, Early Greek Philosophers, Naturalism to Metaphysics. Philosophy in middle Ages.

Unit V

Modern Philosophy: Transition from Metaphysics, Moral Nihilism, Philosophy of Language, Epistemology: Rationalism, Idealism and Empiricism, Enlightenment and German Idealism.


  1. Hiriyanna, M. Outlines of Indian Philosophy. Delhi: MotilalBanarsidass, 1992. English.
  2. Hiriyanna, M. Essentials of Indian Philosophy. Delhi: MotilalBanarsidass, 1948. English. (Text Book)
  3. Russel, B. A History ofWestern Philosophy. UK: George Allen & Unwin Ltd., 1946. English.
  4. Jadunadh Sinha. History ofIndian Philosophy. Delhi: MotilalBanarsidass, 1973. English.
  5. Thilly, Frank. A History of Philosophy. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1924. English. (Text Book)
  6. C. D. Sharma. A Critical Survey of Indian Philosophy. Delhi: Orient Book Distributors, 1971. English.
  7. S. N. Dasgupta. A History of Indian Philosophy. Delhi: MotilalBanarsidass, 1997. English.
  8. F. Copleston. A History of Philosophy. New York: Image, 1993. English.