Unit I: Learning and Learning Process
- Educational Psychology - meaning, branches, need and importance for teachers, methods of psychology.
- Learning - meaning, relationship with development, maturation and readiness.
- Issues related to learning - motivation, Memory and Forgetting, Transfer of Learning Intelligence - A brief description of theories of intelligence - Modern theories (Howard Gardner, Robert Sternberg).
Unit II: Learning - Constructivist Perspective:
- Learning as 'construction of knowledge'- 'transmission and reception of knowledge'.
- Perspectives and Theories on human learning: Behaviourist (Pavlov and skinner), cognitive constructivist (Bruner, Piaget, Vygotsky).
- ‘Construction of knowledge’-Experiential learning, reflection and meta-cognition as facilitating factors of understanding.
Unit III: Teaching
- Meaning, importance, teaching as a profession.
- Preparation for teaching - Need, analysing teaching in diverse contexts, Teacher as a guide, facilitator and counselor.
- Modes of Transaction - Teacher centered, student centered, subject centered, co-operative, team approaches, Different strategies and skills of teaching.
Unit IV: Individual differences among Learners
- Individual differences: Nature, Dimensions of differences in psychological attributes—cognitive abilities, interest, aptitude, creativity, personality, values.
- Accommodating individual differences in the class-room.
- Measurement of individual difference with reference to cognitive attributes(intelligence, aptitude and creativity and non-cognitive attributes (attitude, interest and values)
- Guidance and Counselling: Meaning, types and importance.
Unit V: Learning and Environment
- Class room as a group and its impact, socialization of the learner, concept of social learning, Group cohesiveness, Sociometry.
- Factors related / influencing learning – School, Home, Family, Society, Peer-group.
- Mental Health and hygiene, Adjustment and defense mechanisms.