Course Title: 
Learning and Teaching
Course Code: 
Year Taught: 
Integrated Degree
School of Arts and Sciences

'Learning and Teaching' is a course offered at the School of Arts and Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Mysuru campus.

On completion of the course, the student teacher will;

  1. Comprehend the meaning of teaching and learning.
  2. Justify the role of teacher as facilitator.
  3. Substantiate teaching as profession.
  4. Reflect on his/her own experiences to comprehend the nature and different approaches to learning.
  5. Explore the possibilities of comprehending and analyzing human cognition, designing learning environment and experiences at school.
  6. Acquire knowledge of various theories of learning and analyse their implications for teaching and learning.
  7. Analyse the existing individual differences and influencing factors.
  8. Analyse the nature and process of learning in the context of various learning theories.

Unit I: Learning and Learning Process

1.1.Educational Psychology – meaning, branches, need and importance for teachers, methods of psychology.
1.2.Learning -meaning, relationship with development, maturation and readiness.
1.3.Issues related to learning– motivation, Memory and Forgetting, Transfer of Learning Intelligence- A brief description of theories of intelligence- Modern theories(Howard Gardner, Robert Sternberg).

Unit II: Learning -Constructivist Perspective:

2.1. Learning as 'construction of knowledge'- 'transmission and reception of knowledge'.
2.2 Perspectives and Theories on human learning: Behaviourist (Pavlov and skinner), cognitive constructivist (Bruner, Piaget, Vygotsky).
2.3 ‘Construction of knowledge’-Experiential learning, reflection and meta-cognition as facilitating factors of understanding.

Unit III: Teaching:

3.1 Meaning, importance, teaching as a profession.
3.2 Preparation for teaching - Need, analysing teaching in diverse contexts, Teacher as a guide, facilitator and counselor.
3.3 Modes of Transaction-Teacher centered, student centered, subject centered, co- operative, team approaches, Different strategies and skills of teaching.

Unit IV: Individual differences among Learners

4.1 Individual differences: Nature, Dimensions of differences in psychological attributes—cognitive abilities, interest, aptitude, creativity, personality, values.
4.2 Accommodating individual differences in the class-room.
4.3 Measurement of individual difference with reference to cognitive attributes(intelligence, aptitude and creativity and non-cognitive attributes (attitude, interest and values)
4.4. Guidance and Counselling: Meaning, types and importance.

Unit V: Learning and Environment

5.1. Class room as a group and its impact, socialization of the learner, concept of social learning, Group cohesiveness, Sociometry.
5.2. Factors related /influencing learning – School, Home, Family, Society, Peer-group.
5.3. Mental Health and hygiene, Adjustment and defense mechanisms.

  1. Study of behavioural patterns of VIII/IX std. students.
  2. Activities leading to the emergence of creativity or divergent thinking.
  3. Analysis of a situation and identification of the type of transfer of learning
  4. Identification of the characteristics of a well-integrated personality by taking the example of celebrities
    • Dr. Radhakrishnan
    • Mother Theresa
    • Sir M. Vishweshwaraiah
    • Mahatma Gandhiji
    • Aurobindo
  5. Preparation of a sociogram.
  6. Case study of a well-adjusted or maladjusted student/person.
  7. Finding out the educational implications by analyzing the learning theories
  8. Ravens progressive matrices- nonverbal intellingence test Creativity test.
  9. Process – Episode, Social Constructivism
  10. Different situations – Styles and instructional strategies
  11. Tools – checklist, rubric
  12. Environment – Facilitating learning, games (group dynamics– facilitating hands on learning) simulations, models and projects.
  13. Measures to motivate students.
  14. Defence mechanisms with examples.
  15. Characteristics of educationally backward and gifted children
  1. Chauhan, S. (2003). Advanced Educational Psychology (6thEdn.). New Delhi: Vikas 14  Publications.
  2. Dandapani, S. (2001). Advanced Educational Psychology (2ndEdn.). New Delhi: Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd.
  3. Hergenhaun, D. R &Oslon, H. (2005). (7thEdn.)An Introduction to Theories of Learning. N J: Prentice Hall Inc.
  4. Hurlock, E. (2003). (5thEdn.)Developmental Psychology. New Delhi: MC Graw Hill.
  5. Levin, J .R. & Allen, V. L. (1976). Cognitive Learning in Children: Theories and Strategies.NY:Academic Press.
  6. Medin, D. (1996). (2ndEdn.).Cognitive Psychology. N Y: Harcourt Brace College.
  7. Omrod, J. D. (2000). (3rdEdn.). Educational Psychology: Developing Learners. N J: Prentice hall Inc.
  8. Rothestein, P. R. (1990). Educational Psychology. N Y: Mc Graw Hill.
  9. Skinner, C. E. (1984). Educational Psychology. New Delhi: Prentice hall Inc.
  10. Goleman, D.(1997).Emotional Intelligence. London: Bloomsbury Publishing PLC.
  11. Goleman, D. (1999).Working with Emotional Intelligence.London:Bloomsbury Publishing PLC.