Unit I: Learning and Learning Process
1.1.Educational Psychology – meaning, branches, need and importance for teachers, methods of psychology.
1.2.Learning -meaning, relationship with development, maturation and readiness.
1.3.Issues related to learning– motivation, Memory and Forgetting, Transfer of Learning Intelligence- A brief description of theories of intelligence- Modern theories(Howard Gardner, Robert Sternberg).
Unit II: Learning -Constructivist Perspective:
2.1. Learning as 'construction of knowledge'- 'transmission and reception of knowledge'.
2.2 Perspectives and Theories on human learning: Behaviourist (Pavlov and skinner), cognitive constructivist (Bruner, Piaget, Vygotsky).
2.3 ‘Construction of knowledge’-Experiential learning, reflection and meta-cognition as facilitating factors of understanding.
Unit III: Teaching:
3.1 Meaning, importance, teaching as a profession.
3.2 Preparation for teaching - Need, analysing teaching in diverse contexts, Teacher as a guide, facilitator and counselor.
3.3 Modes of Transaction-Teacher centered, student centered, subject centered, co- operative, team approaches, Different strategies and skills of teaching.
Unit IV: Individual differences among Learners
4.1 Individual differences: Nature, Dimensions of differences in psychological attributes—cognitive abilities, interest, aptitude, creativity, personality, values.
4.2 Accommodating individual differences in the class-room.
4.3 Measurement of individual difference with reference to cognitive attributes(intelligence, aptitude and creativity and non-cognitive attributes (attitude, interest and values)
4.4. Guidance and Counselling: Meaning, types and importance.
Unit V: Learning and Environment
5.1. Class room as a group and its impact, socialization of the learner, concept of social learning, Group cohesiveness, Sociometry.
5.2. Factors related /influencing learning – School, Home, Family, Society, Peer-group.
5.3. Mental Health and hygiene, Adjustment and defense mechanisms.