Course Title: 
Logic and Epistemology in European Thought
Course Code: 
Year Taught: 
Postgraduate (PG)
School of Arts and Sciences

'Logic and Epistemology in European Thought' is a course offered in the second semester of M.A. Philosophy offered by Amrita Darshanam - International Center for Spiritual Studies , Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham

Unit I

Nature and Definition of Knowledge: Belief and Knowledge, Scepticism and the Possibility of Knowledge.

Reasoning, Induction, Deduction, Laws of Thought, Term, Denotation and Connotation.

Basic Aristotelian Logic : Elementary Notions and Principles of Truth Functional Logic, Technique of Symbolisation and Proof Construction.

Quantification Theory : Singular and General Propositions, Multiply General Propositions, Techniques of Symbolisation, Quantification Rules, Proof Construction, Logical Truths Involving Quantifiers.

Unit II

Theories of Perception, Problem of Memory, Knowledge of the Past.

Knowledge of Other Minds

Theories of Truth: Self-Evidence, Correspondence, Coherence, Pragmatic and Semantic.

Unit III

Meaning and Reference.

A priori Knowledge: Analytic and Synthetic, Necessary and Contingent, Synthetic apriori. W V Quines on Naturalised Epistemology, Truth as an Epistemic.

Unit IV

Knowledge of Knowledge

Limits of Knowledge

Unit V

Gettier Problem: The Responses to Gettier Problem, Justification of Knowledge-Claims and Epistemic Decision: Foundationalism, Coherentism, Causal Theory and Reliabilism.


  1. Lehrer. Theory of Knowledge. UK: Routledge, 1990. English.
  2. R. M. Chisholm. Theory of Knowledge. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001. English.
  3. A. J. Ayer. The Problem of Knowledge. UK: Penguin Books, 1990. English.
  4. A. C. Danto. Analytical Philosophy of Knowledge. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1968. English.
  5. B. Russell. Human Knowledge: Its Scope and Limits. USA: Routledge, 2009. English.
  6. N. Rescher. Coherence Theory of Truth. USA: University Press of America, 1982. English.
  7. A. Stroll (Ed.). Epistemology: New Essays in the Theory of Knowledge. New York, Harper and Row, 1967. English.
  8. D. P. Chattopadhyaya. Induction, Probability and Scepticism. New York: State University of New York Press, 1991. English.
  9. B. N. Roy. Induction and Deduction.
  10. Patriak Huxley. A Concise to Logic. Belmont: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1994. English.
  11. I. M. Copi. Symbolic Logic (Sixth Edition). Michigan: Pearson Education, 2016. English.
  12. Richard Jeffrey. Formal Logic: Its Scope and Limits (Second Edition). USA: Hackett Publishing Company, 2002. English.
  13. A. Singh & C. Goswami. Fundamentals of Logic. Delhi: ICPR, 2001. English.
  14. Patrick Suppes.  Introduction to Logic. New York: Dover Publications, 1999. English
  15. A. N. Prior. Formal Logic. Michigan: Clarendon Press, 1962. English.