COURSE SUMMARY
Course Title: 
Philosophy of Advaita Vedanta
Course Code: 
17PHL536
Year Taught: 
2019
Type: 
Elective
Degree: 
Postgraduate (PG)
School: 
School of Arts and Sciences
Campus: 
Bengaluru
Coimbatore
Amritapuri

'Philosophy of Advaita Vedanta' is an elective course offered for M.A. Philosophy offered by Amrita Darshanam - International Center for Spiritual Studies , Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham

Unit I

Advaita School BeforeSankara

MandanaMisra: Brahman as the only Positive Reality, Admission of Negative Realities like Removal of Ignorance (Avidyanivrtti) and Absence of the World (Prapancaabhava), Analysis of the States of Consciousness in the Mandukyopanisad.

Gaudapada: Equivalence of Dream and Waking States, Metaphysical Interpretation of Dream and Sleep, Theory of Non-Origination (Ajativada), Maya as Projecting (Viksepa) and Concealing (Avarana).

Unit II

Sankara: Nirguna Brahman, Adhyasa, Rejection of the (unconscious) SankhyanPrakrti as the Source of the Universe, Cetana Brahma as the Non-Different Material and Efficient Cause (Abhinnanimittopadanakarana) of the Universe, Theory of Causation, Nature of the Jiva, Jivanmukti.

Unit III

Criticism of Other Schools of Philosophy: Sankhya, Vaisesika, Buddhism and Jainism.Tarkapada.

The Teachings of the Prasthanatrayi, The Relative Importance of Reason and Sruti, Jnana as the Means to Liberation.

Unit IV

Post SankaraAdvaita: The Identification of Avidya with Maya, Maya as neither real nor Unreal (Sadasadvilaksana), Avidya as Cosmic as well as Individual, Acetana Maya as the Material Cause and Saguna Brahman (Isvara) as the Efficient Cause of the Universe, Vivatavada, Three Levels of Reality (Sattatraividhhya) and the Theory of Sublation (Badha), Important Differences between Bhamatiprasthana and Vivaranaprasthana, Avacchedavada, Abhasavada, Ekajivavada, Drstisrstivada and Srstidrstivada.

Unit V

Advaita Theory of Knowledge: Svatahpramanyavada and Pramanas

REFERENCES

  1. T. M. P. Mahadevan.The Philosophy of Advaita. Madras: 1957. English.
  2. Jadunath Sinha.Problems of Post-SankaraAdvaita Vedanta. Calcutta: Sinha Publishing House, 1971. English.
  3. Govind Chandra Pande. Life and Thought of Sankaracharya. Delhi: MotilalBanarsidass, 1994. English.
  4. P. K. Sundaram. Advaita Epistemology. Madras: University of Madras Publication, 1968. English.
  5. A. B. Shastri.Studies in Post-Sankara Dialectics. Calcutta: 1936. English.
  6. Sankara.Commentaries on the Vedanta Sutras, ChandogyaUpanisad and BrhhadaranyakaUpanisad (Selections).  English.