Course Title: 
Philosophy of Science
Course Code: 
Year Taught: 
Postgraduate (PG)
School of Arts and Sciences

' Philosophy of Science' is an elective course offered for M.A. Philosophy offered by Amrita Darshanam - International Center for Spiritual Studies , Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham

Unit I

Introduction: The Nature and Scope of Philosophy of Science

What is Science? Science and Pseudo-Science.

Induction and Its Problems: Inductive Probability, Popper’s Alternative to Induction, Goodman’s New Paradox to Induction.

Unit II

Theories: Realism, Anti-realism, Instrumentalism, Unification, Explanation and Prediction.

Unit III

A J Ayer, Karl Popper: Falsificationism, Problems with Falsificationism.

Unit IV

Thomas Kuhn and Normal science, Scientific Revolution and Incommensurability, Science and the Question of Method, Against Method- Feyraband, The Authority of Science, How to Defend Society against Science.

Unit V

Science and Society, Science and Values.


  1. Karl Popper. The Logic of Scientific Discovery. London: Routledge, 1959. English.
  2. Anthony O’ Hear. An Introduction to Philosophy of Science. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989. English.
  3. David Armstrong. What is a Law of Nature?.UK: Cambridge University Press, 1983. English.
  4. Bas Van Fraassen. The Scientific Image. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980. English.
  5. JakkoHintikka& Patrick Suppes (Eds). Aspects of Inductive Logic. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Company Limited, 1966. English.
  6. Paul Churchland& C. Hooker (Eds). Images of Science. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1985. English.
  7. Horwich. Probability and Evidence. UK: Cambridge University Press, 1982. English.
  8. P. Frank. Philosophy of Science. London: Prentice-Hall, 1957. English.
  9. P. Kitcher. The Advancement of Science. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. English.
  10. John Earman. Bays or Bust? A Critical Examination of Bayesian Confirmation Theory. US: MIT Press, 1992. English.