Hazard identification: General hazards of plant operation toxic hazards, fire and explosions – hazards. Transport of chemicals with safety unforeseen deviations, emergency management, planning for safety, selecting a basics of safety – preventive and protective measures, safety based on emergency, relief systems, safety based on containment operational safety procedural instructions – routine checks, process and product changes, safety checks, checklist for safety, leaks and detection.
Hazards of plant operation: Toxic hazards, fire and explosion hazards, reaction hazards, literature calculations & explosions screening, normal reaction, gas evolution, characterizing runaway, control and mitigation of gas emanations, absorption with chemical reaction, health and environmental effects. Special problem of developing countries, safety gadgets, dispersions, degree of hazards, disposals, hierarchy of options, threshold limits, laws of safety, accident reporting.
Storage, central handling safety, unintentional spills, runoff emits, containment economics, waste disposal and environmental protection, incineration, alternatives. Risk analysis, evaluation, mitigation, Hazop, Hazan, definition, probability quantification – risk, engineering, clean technology, initiatives, standards, emergency handling, accident investigation, legislation, nil-risk quantification methods. Case histories of accidents, examples of hazards assessment, examples of use of Hazan, explosion hazards in batch units, technical process, documentation for hazardous chemicals, format and methods.