Concepts in Vedas: Rashtra, Swarajya and Vairajya, Dharma and Rajadharma, Dandaniti.
Concept of the Ruler: Status, Characteristics and Role of the Ruler, Education for the Rulers, Relationship Between the Ruler and the Ruled. Bhagavat Gita Concept of Rajarshi and Lokasamgraha.
Kautilya: Public Administration, Economic Affairs of a State, Organic Theory of the State, Foreign Affairs, Prajadharma and Rajadharma.
State: Origin, Purpose and Goal.
Government: Forms of Governments in Ancient India, The Concept of Sovereignty.
Ancient Indian Methods in Law-Enforcement: Sama, Dana, Bheda and Danda.
Gandhian View of Political Power and Social Context, Power-Decentralism and Ramarajya.