Qualification: 
Ph.D
Email: 
keyanbennaceur@am.amrita.edu

2015-2017- Dr. Keyan worked as a Postdoctoral fellow at Université de Sherbrooke in Pr. B. Reulet’s group (Canada Excellence Research Chair). The main focus was on noise and magnetic susceptibility measurement in a 2D electron gas under high magnetic field at very low temperature. Here exotic quantum phases appear such as fractional quantum Hall effect of charge density waves.

2011–2015- He worked as a Postdoctoral fellow at McGill University in Pr. G.Gervais’s group. My interest was on Electronic transport at low temperature in 1D and 2D electron system (Fractional quantum Hall effect in AlGaAs, Flip Chip devices, transport in hydrogenated graphene, Quantum Wire in AlGaAs).

2007-2010- He Completed his Ph.D in CEA Saclay on electronic transport in graphene. Here the goal was to fabricate and measure graphene devices at low temperature under a high magnetic field. This work allowed to understand the mechanisms of breakdown of the quantum Hall effect with finite energy.

YEAR DEGREE/PROGRAM INSTITUTION
2010 PhD Physics CEA Saclay, Orsay university (Paris XI)
2007 Master of fundamental Physics Pierre et Marie Curie University (Paris VI)

Publications

Publication Type: Journal Article

Year of Publication Publication Type Title

2017

Journal Article

B. A. Schmidt, Keyan Bennaceur, Gaucher, S., Gervais, G., Pfeiffer, L. N., and West, K. W., “Specific heat and entropy of fractional quantum Hall states in the second Landau level”, PHYSICAL REVIEW B, vol. 95, p. 201306, 2017.[Abstract]


Specific heat has had an important role in the study of superfluidity and superconductivity, and could provide important information about the fractional quantum Hall effect as well. However, traditional measurements of the specific heat of a two-dimensional electron gas are difficult due to the large background contribution of the phonon bath, even at very low temperatures. Here, we report measurements of the specific heat per electron in the second Landau level by measuring the thermalization time between the electrons and phonons. We observe activated behaviour of the specific heat of the 5/2 and 7/3 fractional quantum Hall states, and extract the entropy by integrating over temperature. Our results are in excellent agreement with previous measurements of the entropy via longitudinal thermopower. Extending the technique to lower temperatures could lead to detection of the non-Abelian entropy predicted for bulk quasiparticles at 5/2 filling

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2015

Journal Article

Keyan Bennaceur, Schmid, B. A., Gaucher, S., Laroche, D., Lilly, M. P., Reno, J. L., West, K. W., Pfeiffer, L. N., and Gervais, G., “Mechanical Flip-Chip for Ultra-High Electron Mobility Devices”, Scientific Reports 5, 2015.[Abstract]


Electrostatic gates are of paramount importance for the physics of devices based on high-mobility two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) since they allow depletion of electrons in selected areas. This field-effect gating enables the fabrication of a wide range of devices such as, for example, quantum point contacts (QPC), electron interferometers and quantum dots. To fabricate these gates, processing is usually performed on the 2DEG material, which is in many cases detrimental to its electron mobility. Here we propose an alternative process which does not require any processing of the 2DEG material other than for the ohmic contacts. This approach relies on processing a separate wafer that is then mechanically mounted on the 2DEG material in a flip-chip fashion. This technique proved successful to fabricate quantum point contacts on both GaAs/AlGaAs materials with both moderate and ultra-high electron mobility.

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2015

Journal Article

Keyan Bennaceur, Guillemette, J., Lévesque, P. L., Cottenye, N., Mahvash, F., Hemsworth, N., Kumar, A., Murata, Y., Heun, S., Goerbig, M. O., Proust, C., Siaj, M., Martel, R., Gervais, G., and Szkopek, T., “Measurement of topological Berry phase in highly disordered graphene”, Physical Review B, vol. 92, p. 125410, 2015.[Abstract]


We have observed the quantum Hall effect (QHE) and Shubnikov–de Haas (SdH) oscillations in highly disordered graphene at magnetic fields up to 65 T. Disorder was introduced by hydrogenation of graphene up to a ratio H/C ≈0.1%. The analysis of SdH oscillations and QHE indicates that the topological part of the Berry phase, proportional to the pseudospin winding number, is robust against introduction of disorder by hydrogenation in large-scale graphene.

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2015

Journal Article

B. A. Schmidt, Keyan Bennaceur, Bilodeau, S., Gervais, G., Pfeiffer, L. N., and West, K. W., “Second Landau level fractional quantum Hall effects in the Corbino geometry”, Solid State Communications, vol. 217, pp. 1 - 5, 2015.[Abstract]


Abstract For certain measurements, the Corbino geometry has a distinct advantage over the Hall and van der Pauw geometries, in that it provides a direct probe of the bulk 2DEG without complications due to edge effects. This may be important in enabling detection of the non-Abelian entropy of the 5/2 fractional quantum Hall state via bulk thermodynamic measurements. We report the successful fabrication and measurement of a Corbino-geometry sample in an ultra-high mobility GaAs heterostructure, with a focus on transport in the second and higher Landau levels. In particular, we report activation energy gaps of fractional quantum Hall states, with all edge effects ruled out, and extrapolate σ0 from the Arrhenius fits. Our results show that activated transport in the second Landau level remains poorly understood. The development of this Corbino device opens the possibility to study the bulk of the 5/2 state using techniques not possible in other geometries.

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2013

Journal Article

J. Guillemette, Sabri, S. S., Wu, B., Keyan Bennaceur, Gaskell, P. E., Savard, M., Lévesque, P. L., Mahvash, F., Guermoune, A., Siaj, M., Martel, R., Szkopek, T., and Gervais, G., “Quantum Hall Effect in Hydrogenated Graphene”, PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, vol. 110, p. 176801, 2013.[Abstract]


The quantum Hall effect is observed in a two-dimensional electron gas formed in millimeter-scale hydrogenated graphene, with a mobility less than 10 cm2/V⋅s and corresponding Ioffe-Regel disorder parameter (kFλ)−1≫1. In zero magnetic field and low temperatures, the hydrogenated graphene is insulating with a two-point resistance of order of 250h/e2. Application of a strong magnetic field generates a negative colossal magnetoresistance, with the two-point resistance saturating within 0.5% of h/2e2 at 45T. Our observations are consistent with the opening of an impurity-induced gap in the density of states of graphene. The interplay between electron localization by defect scattering and magnetic confinement in two-dimensional atomic crystals is discussed.

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2013

Journal Article

P. \acutec\el I. ć\fi, Williams, F. I. B., Keyan Bennaceur, Portier, F., Roche, P., and Glattli, D. C., “Carrier Drift Velocity and Edge Magnetoplasmons in Graphene”, PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, vol. 110, p. 016801, 2013.[Abstract]


We investigate electron dynamics at the graphene edge by studying the propagation of collective edge magnetoplasmon excitations. By timing the travel of narrow wave packets on picosecond time scales around exfoliated samples, we find chiral propagation with low attenuation at a velocity that is quantized on Hall plateaus. We extract the carrier drift contribution from the edge magnetoplasmon propagation and find it to be slightly less than the Fermi velocity, as expected for an abrupt edge. We also extract the characteristic length for Coulomb interaction at the edge and find it to be smaller than that for soft depletion-edge systems.

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2012

Journal Article

Keyan Bennaceur, Jacques, P., Portier, F., Roche, P., and Glattli, D. C., “Unveiling quantum Hall transport by Efros-Shklovskii to Mott variable-range hopping transition in graphene”, PHYSICAL REVIEW B, vol. 86, p. 085433, 2012.[Abstract]


The quantum Hall effect is universal and expected to occur in all two-dimensional electron systems in perpendicular high-magnetic field. We revisit quantum localization thanks to the high-energy scale of the quantum Hall effect in graphene, where the electron dynamics obey the Dirac equation. We solve a long debated question on the nature of electron transport in the transition region between Hall resistance plateaus. Is it of metallic or of variable-range hopping type as proposed, respectively, by Pruisken and Polyakov-Shklovskii? To the best of our knowledge, no experiment was able to discriminate between these models. Here, measurements of the conductance peak width scaling exponents with both temperature and current and determination of the localization length validates the variable-range hopping scenario. This shows that the usual assumption of a metallic behavior of the two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) between Hall resistance plateaus is unnecessary for macroscopic samples.

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2010

Journal Article

M. Monteverde, Ojeda-Aristizabal, C., Weil, R., Keyan Bennaceur, Ferrier, M., Guéron, S., Glattli, C., Bouchiat, H., Fuchs, J. N., and Maslov, D. L., “Transport and Elastic Scattering Times as Probes of the Nature of Impurity Scattering in Single-Layer and Bilayer Graphene”, PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, vol. 104, p. 126801, 2010.[Abstract]


Transport and elastic scattering times, tau{tr} and tau{e}, are experimentally determined from the carrier density dependence of the magnetoconductance of monolayer and bilayer graphene. Both times and their dependences on carrier density are found to be very different in the monolayer and the bilayer. However, their ratio tau{tr}/tau{e} is found to be close to 1.8 in the two systems and nearly independent of the carrier density. These measurements give insight on the nature (neutral or charged) and range of the scatterers. Comparison with theoretical predictions suggests that the main scattering mechanism in our samples is due to strong (resonant) scatterers of a range shorter than the Fermi wavelength, likely candidates being vacancies, voids, adatoms or short-range ripples.

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