Nithya K. currently serves as Assistant Professor at Department of Chemical Engineering, School of Engineering, Coimbatore Campus. Her ares of research includes Eco toxicology & Hazardous Waste Management, Biosorption, Sustainable Development.


Publication Type: Journal Article
Year of Publication Publication Type Title
2016 Journal Article Ka Nithya, Sathish, A., Kumar, PcSenthil, and Ramachandran, Ta, “Biosorption of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution using raw and acid-treated biosorbent prepared from Lantana camara fruit”, Desalination and Water Treatment, pp. 1-17, 2016.[Abstract]

The aim of the present investigation was to explore the performance of the acid-treated Lantana camara fruit biosorbent in binding hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions. FTIR studies revealed the contribution of carbohydrates, glycosides, and flavonoids in the biosorbent. EDS analysis exhibited the occurrence of chromium ions after biosorption, whereas SEM image exposed the enhancement of porosity after acid treatment. The isotherm models such as Langmuir, Freundlich, Dubinin–Radushkevich, and Temkin models were studied to depict the mechanism of interaction of the biosorbent with the adsorbate. Besides isotherm models, kinetic studies like pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, and intraparticle diffusion models were also performed to validate the controlling mechanism of biosorption. Langmuir model showed a better fit favoring monolayer adsorption and a high correlation value from the pseudo-second-order model suggests chemisorption. To understand whether the biosorption process releases or absorbs energy, thermodynamic analysis was carried out. The outcome of the findings showed endothermic nature of the process with increased randomness at the solid solution interface. Regeneration studies showed better results with 0.2 M NaOH solutions. The obtained maximum uptake capacity of 83 mg/g with a minimal biomass dosage proves the credible potential of the selected biosorbent in removing toxic hexavalent chromium. © 2016 Balaban Desalination Publications. All rights reserved.

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2015 Journal Article Ka Nithya, Sathish, A., Gangadharan, D., Vinaykumar, A., Tharakan, D. M., and Sruthi, B., “Batch, kinetic and equilibrium studies of hexavalent chromium from aqueous phase using Galaxaura Ornate Seaweed”, International Journal of ChemTech Research, vol. 8, pp. 1947-1956, 2015.[Abstract]

Batch studies have been carried out to study the feasibility of adsorption of hexavalent chromium onto Galaxaura ornate seaweed. The equilibrium data and biosorption capacity of chromium was determined by varying the pH, dosage of adsorbent, contact time and initial metal ion concentration. The maximum adsorptive capacity was obtained at a pH of 2 at an equilibrium time of 120 minutes. Highest removal efficiency for raw biomass was found to be 71% for hexavalent chromium under optimal conditions. The biosorption isotherms were determined using Langmuir and Freundlich models. Based on the correlation coefficient value it was found that the data fits well both to Langmuir (R2=0.99) and Freundlich adsorption isotherm (R2=0.98) representing monolayer adsorption as well as adsorption on heterogeneous surfaces. The findings of the kinetic study infer that pseudo second order model show a better fit for a wider range of concentrations studied than the pseudo first order kinetics. The results indicate that the identified seaweed has the potential to adsorb chromium (VI) from the aqueous solution. © 2015 Sphinx Knowledge House. All rights reserved.

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