Publication Type:

Journal Article


Materials Letters, Elsevier, Volume 135, p.195-198 (2014)



Aspect ratio, Bio-waste, Biomedical applications, Clam shell, Fast fourier, Fast Fourier transforms, High aspect ratio, High resolution transmission electron microscopy, Hydrothermal, Hydrothermally, Hydroxyapatite, Medical applications, molluscs, Nanowires, Shellfish, Surface area, Wire, X ray diffraction analysis


The present study demonstrates a novel approach by which biowaste clam shells derived from Venerupis species can be processed into high aspect ratio one dimensional wires being an interesting candidate to biomedical applications. These nanowires were synthesized hydrothermally and exhibited an aspect ratio in the order of 102 with a surface area of 40 m2 g -1 and narrowly distributed diameter size range from 40 to 130 nm. Fast Fourier transform analysis during high resolution transmission electron microscopy showed the wires exhibiting growth along (300). X-ray diffractometry and Fourier-transform Infra-red spectroscopy showed that the nanowires produced were of high purity. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.


cited By (since 1996)0

Cite this Research Publication

Sac Bramhe, Kim, T. Na, Balakrishnan, Ab, and Chu, M. Ccd, “Conversion from biowaste Venerupis clam shells to hydroxyapatite nanowires”, Materials Letters, vol. 135, pp. 195-198, 2014.