Publication Type:

Journal Article


Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, W.B. Saunders, Volume 72, Number 9, p.1869.e1-1869.e9 (2014)



80 and over, adult, aged, anterolateral thigh flap, article, Artificial, Bone Transplantation, case study, clinical article, controlled study, descriptive research


Purpose The conventional way of reconstructing an orbital exenteration defect associated with a maxillectomy is to cover it with a soft tissue free flap and camouflage it with a spectacle-mounted orbital prosthesis. Also, there are some reports on the use of bone flaps. The objective of this study was to review the reconstructive options for a defect resulting after orbital exenteration and maxillectomy. Materials and Methods This study concerns a retrospective case series of 20 patients. Electronic medical records, including clinical details, operative notes, and follow-up data, were analyzed. Defects were analyzed for their reconstructive components. The reconstructive methods used were studied by the types of flap used, bony versus soft tissue types of reconstruction, and the prosthetic method used to rehabilitate the eye. Outcomes were analyzed for flap success rate. Descriptive methods for data analysis were used. Results Fourteen patients underwent a soft tissue reconstruction alone and 6 underwent bony reconstruction. The free rectus abdominis was the commonest soft tissue flap used. This article presents the outcome of reconstruction in such patients and the utility of individual flaps for their ability to replace different components of the defect. Conclusions Ideal reconstruction should address all individual defect components of facial contour, orbital, palatal, skull base, and skin defects. The free rectus abdominis flap remains the common choice. When a composite socket reconstruction is to be achieved, the innovative free tensor fascia lata flap with the iliac crest bone and internal oblique muscle is an option. © 2014 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.


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Cite this Research Publication

S. Ta Joseph, Thankappan, Ka, Mathew, Ja, Vijayamohan, Mb, Sharma, Ma, and Iyer, Sa, “Defect components and reconstructive options in composite orbitomaxillary defects with orbital exenteration”, Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 72, pp. 1869.e1-1869.e9, 2014.