Dr. Satish Tripathi, UB Provost as the next president of the University at Buffalo signed a memorandum of understanding in 2005 with Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to establish the Indo-U.S. Inter-University Collaborative Initiative in Higher Education and Research. This memorandum led to a partnership between UB and Amrita University on collaborative activities that include dual-master’s-degree programs in management and computer science.