Across the world, charcoal production for iron smelting has been considered responsible for destroying large tracts of medieval forests, sometimes of entire regions (Sivramkrishna 2009). Did iron smelting also cause such devastation in pre-colonial India? Could this have been one of the earliest reasons for the East India Company to intervene with statutory laws to preserve, conserve and manage forests? Unfortunately, answers to these questions are not unequivocal; however, in attempting to find them we articulate a fundamental change
Dr. Amalendu Jyotishi and Sivramkrishna, S., “4 Unearthing the roots of statutory forest law”, Conflict, Negotiations and Natural Resource Management: A Legal Pluralism Perspective from India, 2014.