Global warming due to CO2 emissions has led to the projection of hydrogen as an important fuel for future. A lot of research has been going on to design combustion appliances for hydrogen as fuel. This has necessitated fundamental research on combustion characteristics of hydrogen fuel. In this work, a combination of experiments and computational simulations was employed to study the effects of diluents (CO2, N2, and Ar) on the laminar burning velocity of premixed hydrogen/oxygen flames using the heat flux method. The experiments were conducted to measure laminar burning velocity for a range of equivalence ratios at atmospheric pressure and temperature (300 K) with reactant mixtures containing varying concentrations of CO2, N2, and Ar as diluents. Measured burning velocities were compared with computed results obtained from one-dimensional laminar premixed flame code PREMIX with detailed chemical kinetics and good agreement was obtained. The effectiveness of diluents in reduction of laminar burning velocity for a given diluent concentration is in the increasing order of argon, nitrogen, carbon dioxide. This may be due to increased capabilities either to quench the reaction zone by increased specific heat or due to reduced transport rates. The lean and stoichiometric H2/O2/CO2 flames with 65% CO2 dilution exhibited cellular flame structures. Detailed three-dimensional simulation was performed to understand lean H2/O2/CO2 cellular flame structure and cell count from computed flame matched well with the experimental cellular flame.
Dr. Ratna Kishore V., Muchahary, R., Ray, A., and Ravi, M. R., “Adiabatic burning velocity of H 2–O 2 mixtures diluted with CO 2/N 2/Ar”, international journal of hydrogen energy, vol. 34, pp. 8378–8388, 2009.