Publication Type:

Journal Article


Materials for Renewable and Sustainable Energy, Volume 7, Number 3, p.12 (2018)



Cadmium telluride (CdTe) thin films of different thicknesses deposited onto titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticle layer by spray pyrolysis deposition (SPD) are demonstrated as major photo-active semiconductor in photo-electrochemical solar cell configuration using iodide/triiodide (I−/I3−) redox couple as a hole transport layer. The CdTe–TiO2 heterogeneous films were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy which identified doublet split of Cd 3d and Ti 2p which confirms CdTe and TiO2. Optical absorbance and transmittance of CdTe and TiO2 films which were examined by UV–Vis spectroscopy confirm that the optical bandgap of CdTe is 1.5 eV with a dominant photo-absorption in the spectral window of 350–800 nm, while TiO2 showed a bandgap of 3.1 eV and is optically transparent in the visible spectral window. The present work examined photo-anodes comprising 1, 3, 5, and 10 SPD cycles of CdTe coated on TiO2 nanoparticle layer. The solar cell with 5 SPD cycles of CdTe resulting in 0.4{%} efficiency. Results can be articulated to the CdTe deposited by 5 SPD cycles provided an optimum surface coverage in the bulk of TiO2, while the higher SPD cycles leads to agglomeration which blocks the porosity of the heterogeneous films.

Cite this Research Publication

S. N. Vijayaraghavan, Ashok, A., Gopakumar, G., Menon, H., Shantikumar V Nair, and Shanmugam, M., “All Spray Pyrolysis-coated CdTe–TiO2 Heterogeneous Films for Photo-Electrochemical Solar Cells”, Materials for Renewable and Sustainable Energy, vol. 7, p. 12, 2018.