Global competitive pressures and the ever-increasing demand for faster, smaller, less expensive electronic systems have produced fundamental changes in processing technologies. A variety of microelectronic components are manufactured with high-yield, cost-effective electrochemical processing. Electrochemical microfabrication uses electrochemical methods to create thin- and thick-film-patterned microstructures.
Dr. Madhav Datta, “Applications of electrochemical microfabrication: An introduction”, IBM journal of research and development, vol. 42, pp. 563–566, 1998.