In this investigation surface treatment of titanium is carried out by plasma ion implantation under atmospheric pressure plasma in order to increase the adhesive bond strength. Prior to the plasma treatment, titanium surfaces were mechanically treated by sand blasting. It is observed that the contact angle of de-ionized water decreases with the grit blast treatment time. Optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopic (SEM) analysis of untreated and atmospheric plasma treated titanium are carried out to examine the surface characteristics. A substantial improvement in the surface energy of titanium is observed after the atmospheric pressure plasma treatment. The surface energy increases with increasing exposure time of atmospheric pressure plasma. The optimized time of plasma treatment suggested in this investigation results in maximum adhesive bond strength of the titanium. Unmodified and surface modified titanium sheets by atmospheric pressure plasma were adhesively bonded by high temperature resistant polyimide adhesive. The glass transition temperature of this adhesive is 310 °C and these adhesively bonded joints were cured at high temperature. A substantial improvement in adhesive bond strength was observed after atmospheric pressure plasma treatment. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
M. Akram, Jansen, K. M. B., Ernst, L. J., and Shantanu Bhowmik, “Atmospheric pressure plasma surface modification of titanium for high temperature adhesive bonding”, International journal of adhesion and adhesives, vol. 31, pp. 598–604, 2011.