Bactericidal effects of silver plus titanium dioxide-coated endotracheal tubes on Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:International Journal of Nanomedicine, Volume 5, Number 1, p.177-183 (2010)
Keywords:Anti-Bacterial Agents, article, Bacteria (microorganisms), bacterial colonization, bactericidal activity, Biocompatible, Cell Survival, Coated Materials, controlled study, endotracheal tube, growth inhibition, in vitro study, incubation time, Intratracheal, Intubation, material coating, Materials Testing, nonhuman, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, quantitative analysis, radiation exposure, silicon dioxide, Silver, Staphylococcus aureus, Titanium, Titanium dioxide, ultraviolet radiation
Purpose: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a nosocomial infection resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) are pathogens associated with VAP. Silver (Ag) coating of endotracheal tubes (ETTs) reduces bacterial colonization, however titanium dioxide (TiO 2) coating has not been studied. Methods: Five types of ETT coatings were applied over silica layer: Ag, solgel TiO 2, solgel TiO 2 with Ag, Degussa P25 TiO 2 (Degussa TiO 2), and Degussa TiO 2 with Ag. After ETTs were incubated with P. aeruginosa or S. aureus; colonization was determined quantitatively. Results: Pseudomonas aeruginosa and S. aureus grew for 5 days on standard ETTs. Compared to standard ETTs, P. aeruginosa growth was significantly inhibited by solgel TiO 2 with Ag at 24 hours, and by Degussa TiO 2 with Ag at 24 and 48 hours after inoculation. No significant difference in S. aureus growth was observed between the control and any of the five coatings for 5 days. Conclusion: In vitro, solgel TiO 2 with Ag and Degussa TiO 2 with Ag both attenuated P. aeruginosa growth, but demonstrated no effect on S. aureus colonization. Further studies using alternative coating and incorporating UV light exposure are needed to identify their potential utility in reducing VAP. © 2010 Tarquinio et al.
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