Bilateral simultaneous laparoscopic adrenalectomy in Cushing's syndrome: Safe, effective, and curative
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Journal of Endourology, Volume 26, Number 2, p.157-163 (2012)
Keywords:adolescent, adrenal cortex insufficiency, adrenalectomy, adrenocorticotrophic hormone dependent syndrome, adult, aged, anticoagulant agent, antidiabetic agent
Introduction: Surgical morbidity and mortality rates are high in patients with Cushing's syndrome. Nevertheless, simultaneous bilateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) is feasible in these patients with less morbidity and good long-term results. Background and Results: Consecutive 22 patients who underwent LA for Cushing's syndrome between 2003 and 2010 in our institute were retrospectively studied. Ninteen patients underwent bilateral simultaneous and three underwent unilateral LA. Seven patients had Cushing's syndrome after failed pituitary surgery and five each had ectopic adrenocorticotrophic hormone dependent syndrome and bilateral macronodular hyperplasia respectively. LA was bilaterally done by lateral transabdominal adrenalectomy in 15 patients and retroperitoneal endoscopic adrenalectomy in 4 on the right side. Mean operative time for simultaneous bilateral cases was 199.45±72.43 minutes with mean blood loss of 72.72±48.6?mL. Patients were fit for discharge by the fifth postoperative day from the surgical aspect. Surgical complication rate was 26% that included wound infections in two, port site hernia, pleural effusion, and atelectasis in one each. One patient died of sepsis (5% mortality). Satisfactory metabolic control was achieved in all observable patients in the long term although Addisonian crisis and Nelson syndrome were seen in 26% and 15% respectively. Conclusion: LA has all advantages of minimal access surgery in patients with Cushing's syndrome who are immunocompromised and at high risk of delayed wound healing and infections. Magnification decreases the risk of retained adrenal remnants. Despite advances in minimal access surgery, perioperative morbidity continues to be significant for the procedure. © Copyright 2012, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2012.
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