The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of KrF excimer laser treatment on the bond strength between dentin and an etch-and-rinse adhesive system.Materials and Methods:Polished dentin surfaces were subjected to the following treatments: (1) 35% phosphoric acid etching for 15 s; (2) laser surface treatment using KrF excimer laser radiation (1 J/cm2); and (3) laser treatment under the same conditions followed by acid etching. After treating the dentin, an etch-and-rinse adhesive (Adper™ Scotchbond™ 1 XT, 3M ESPE) was applied and composite (Esthet-X<sup>®</sup>, Dentsply Caulk, Konstanz, Germany) build-ups were incrementally constructed. After 24 h of water storage at 37°C, 1 mm<sup>2</sup>beams were longitudinally cut from the samples. Microtensile sticks were loaded in tension at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. Bond strength data were analyzed with one-way ANOVA and the Student–Newman–Keuls test (<em>p</em> < 0.05). The dentin surfaces resulting from each surface treatment and the fracture surfaces originated by the bond-strength tests were observed under a scanning electron microscope.Results:Laser-treated surfaces exhibited a cone-shaped topography with a frank occlusion of dentinal tubules, while acid etching produced a smoother surface with open tubules. Application of 35% phosphoric acid on laser-treated dentin surfaces resulted in the partial dissolution of the surface cones. Mean microtensile bond strengths for acid-etched dentin was significantly higher (33.7 ± 8.7 MPa) than for laser-treated (13.8 ± 5.1 MPa) and laser-treated and etched surfaces (19.7 ± 6.9 MPa). A higher percentage of cohesive failures at the base of the cones occurred in the laser-treated group, whereas mixed failures were predominant on acid-etched samples.Conclusion:The cone-shaped texture produced by treating dentin with KrF laser radiation does not improve the bond strength of the tested etch-and rinse adhesive system when compared to the traditional acid-etching technique.
S. Eugénio, Osorio, R., Sivakumar, M., Vilar, R., Monticelli, F., and Toledano, M., “Bond Strength of an Etch-and-Rinse Adhesive to KrF Excimer Laser-Treated Dentin”, Photomedicine and laser surgery, vol. 28, pp. 97–102, 2010.