Publication Type:

Journal Article


International Journal of Human Resource Management, Volume 23, Number 4, p.846-866 (2012)



This article examines the boundary conditions for the formation of turnover intention. We propose that the environment, both at the firm level and at the societal level, moderates the relationships among organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and turnover intention. Our findings show support for our model using professional employees from China, Jordan, Turkey, and the USA and reveal the similarities/differences across cultures. The results call for our attention in taking into consideration the environmental conditions (organizational, cultural, and economic) when studying antecedent factors of turnover intention. We also provide implications for researchers and practitioners in the human resource management (HRM) field and suggestions for giving attention to countries and regions that have been understudied. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


cited By (since 1996)1

Cite this Research Publication

Ha Chen, Jr., D. LaFord, Kalyanaram, Gb, and Bhagat, R. Sc, “Boundary conditions for turnover intentions: exploratory evidence from China, Jordan, Turkey, and the United States”, International Journal of Human Resource Management, vol. 23, pp. 846-866, 2012.