Publication Type:

Journal Article


Advanced Energy Materials, Volume 5, Number 19 (2015)


To alleviate the limitations of pure sulfide Cu 2 ZnSnS 4 (CZTS) thin film, such as band gaps adjustment, antisite defects, secondary phase and microstructure, Cadmium is introduced into CZTS thin film to replace Zn partially to form Cu 2 Zn 1− x Cd x SnS 4 (CZCTS) thin film by low-cost sol–gel method. It is demonstrated that the band gaps and crystal structure of CZCTS thin films are affected by the change in Zn/Cd ratio.

Cite this Research Publication

Z. Su, Tan, J. Ming Rui, Li, X., Zeng, X., Batabyal Sudip Kumar, and Wong, L. Helena, “Cation Substitution of Solution-Processed Cu2ZnSnS4 Thin Film Solar Cell with over 9% Efficiency”, Advanced Energy Materials, vol. 5, 2015.