The symposium Health and Medicines in Indigenous Populations of America was organized by the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS) Working Group on Clinical Research in Resource-Limited Settings (RLSs) and the Ibero-American Network of Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics (RIBEF). It was aimed to share and evaluate investigators' experiences on challenges and opportunities on clinical research and pharmacogenetics.
A total of 33 members from 22 countries participated in 2 sessions: RIBEF studies on population pharmacogenetics about the relationship between ancestry with relevant drug-related genetic polymorphisms and the relationship between genotype and phenotype in Native Americans (session 1) and case examples of clinical studies in RLSs from Asia (cancer), America (diabetes and women health), and Africa (malaria) in which the participants were asked to answer in free text their experiences on challenges and opportunities to solve the problems (session 2). Later, a discourse analysis grouping common themes by affinity was conducted.
The main result of session 1 was that the pharmacogenetics-related ancestry of the population should be considered when designing clinical studies in RLSs. In session 2, 21 challenges and 20 opportunities were identified. The social aspects represent the largest proportion of the challenges (43%) and opportunities (55%), and some of them seem to be common.
The main discussion points were gathered in the Declaration of Mérida/T'Hó and announced on the Parliament of Extremadura during the CIOMS-RIBEF meeting in 4 of the major Latin American autochthonous languages (Náhualth, Mayan, Miskito, and Kichwa). The declaration highlighted the following: (1) the relevance of population pharmacogenetics, (2) the sociocultural contexts (interaction with traditional medicine), and (3) the education needs of research teams for clinical research in vulnerable and autochthonous populations.
E. Peñas-LLedó, Terán, E., Sosa-Macías, M., Galaviz-Hernández, C., Gil, J. - P., Nair, S., Dr. Shyam Diwakar, Hernández, I., Lara-Riegos, J., Ramírez-Roa, R., Verde, gnacio, Tarazona-Santos, E., Molina-Guarneros, J., Moya, G., ägo, L., and Adrian Llerena, “Challenges and Opportunities for Clinical Pharmacogenetic Research Studies in Resource-limited Settings”, Conclusions From the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences–Ibero-American Network of Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics Meeting, Clinical Therapeutics, vol. 42, no. 8, pp. 1595-1610, 2020.