Experts have estimated that breast cancer is diagnosed in about one out of every eight women. At present mammography is the most efficient tool for the screening of breast cancer and studies show that misinterpretation is an important cause of missing breast cancer. In this paper we propose a computer aided detection system to identify changes in temporal mammographic images which would aid radiologists in the early and accurate detection of mammographic lesions. This system involves pre-processing, registration, generation of difference image and the analysis of difference image to obtain the changed and unchanged regions of the lesion. The novelty of this research work is to effectively find changes in mammogram images obtained from consecutive screening rounds using fuzzy c-means (FCM) clustering. The efficiency of FCM is compared with K-means clustering using overall error (OE) and kappa coefficient (KC). Experimental results show that the proposed method is a better alternative to the K-means clustering method. These techniques have been tested on mammogram images obtained from a private hospital.
R. M. Kirubaa, Dr. Lavanya R., Kotwal, N. P., and Vijayan, D., “Change Detection In Mammogram Images Using Fuzzy C- Means Clustering”, International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 29825-29834 , 2015.