Chromoblastomycosis is a chronic subcutaneous mycosis commonly caused by Fonsecaea, Phialophora, and Cladophialophora spp. Out of these, Fonsecaea pedrosoi is the most common etiological agent, implicated in 70%–90% of the cases reported worldwide. The histopathological diagnosis of chromoblastomycosis is based on visualization of medlar or sclerotic bodies in the tissue. These sclerotic bodies divide by planar division. Rarely, budding is seen in these sclerotic bodies. As this entity can be confused with phaeohyphomycosis, it is important to be aware of such a presentation also. We report two cases of chromoblastomycosis that showed budding sclerotic bodies. © 2015, Khan et al.
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S. Khan, Kumar, A., Vinod, V., Prabhakar, V., Eapen, M., Thomas, J., Dinesh, K., and Karim, S., “Chromoblastomycosis Due to Fonsecaea Pedrosoi: An Old Wine in a Rare Bottle”, Journal of Infection in Developing Countries, vol. 9, pp. 325-329, 2015.