Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Indian Journal of Gastroenterology, Indian Society of Gastroenterology, Volume 33, Number 3, p.231-236 (2014)

URL:

http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84901200304&partnerID=40&md5=435da090ae14928e22947a4c600f572e

Keywords:

adolescent, adult, age, alcohol consumption, article, body mass, child, chronic pancreatitis, clinical assessment, clinical feature, diabetes mellitus, disease association, disease course, family history, female, follow up, human, idiopathic disease, India, major clinical study, male, medical record review, pain, pancreas calcification, pancreas exocrine insufficiency, prevalence, risk factor, smoking

Abstract:

Background and Aim: Idiopathic chronic pancreatitis (ICP) is the most common form of chronic pancreatitis reported in India. There is paucity of literature on the prevalence and profiles of early- and late-onset forms of ICP in India. Material and Methods: We compared the profile of early- and late-onset ICP in a patient population attending a tertiary care hospital in South India. Results: Pain was the characteristic feature as more than 90 % with both early-onset and late-onset ICP had pain as the most significant symptom. Onset of pain was at age 14.9 ± 7.7 years in early-onset and at 38.1 ± 9.9 in late-onset ICP (p < 0.001). There was considerable delay between onset of pain in early onset as compared to late-onset ICP. Diabetes was seen in 41.4 % in early-onset as compared to 69.1 % in late-onset ICP (p < 0.001). Pancreatic exocrine insufficiency was seen in 34.4 % in early-onset as compared to 53.2 % in late-onset ICP (p < 0.001). Increased prevalence of exocrine insufficiency and diabetes was observed in late-onset as compared to early-onset ICP. Univariate analysis showed that alcohol use, smoking, age, and family history of diabetes were significantly associated with diabetes. Multivariate analysis showed strong associations for diabetes with smoking (odds ratio (OR) = 4.2), calcification (OR = 7.7), as well as family history and age >40 years. Conclusions: There were differences between early-onset and late-onset ICP in southern Indian patients. Diabetes was strongly associated with smoking and pancreatic calcification. © 2013 Indian Society of Gastroenterology.

Notes:

cited By (since 1996)1

Cite this Research Publication

G. Rajesh, Veena, A. B., Menon, S., and Balakrishnan, V., “Clinical profile of early-onset and late-onset idiopathic chronic pancreatitis in South India”, Indian Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 33, pp. 231-236, 2014.