A nonenzymatic glucose sensor was fabricated by electrodepositing cobalt rich cobalt–copper alloy nanoparticles (Co–CuNPs) on vertically aligned TiO2 nanotube (TDNT) arrays. For this, TDNT arrays with tube diameter of 60nm were synthesized by electrochemical anodization. The composition of the electrodeposited alloy was optimized based on the electrocatalytic activity towards glucose oxidation. This is achieved by controlling the concentration of electrolyte and time of deposition. Chemical composition of the optimized Co–Cu alloy nanoparticles is determined to be Cu0.15Co2.84O4 with fcc crystalline structure. The sensor showed two linear range of detection with high sensitivity of 4651.0μAmM−1cm−2 up to 5mM and 2581.70μAmM−1cm−2 from 5mM to 12mM with a lower detection limit of 0.6μM (S/N=3). The sensor is highly selective to glucose in the presence of various exogeneous and endogeneous interfering species and other sugars. The response of the sensor towards blood serum was in good agreement with that of commercially available glucose sensors.
P. V. Suneesh, Vidhu Sara Vargis, T. Ramachandran, Dr. Bipin G. Nair, and Babu, D. T. G. Sath, “Co–Cu alloy nanoparticles decorated TiO2 nanotube arrays for highly sensitive and selective nonenzymatic sensing of glucose”, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol. 215, pp. 337 - 344, 2015.