<p>Interferon gamma (IFN-γ), is a cytokine, which is an important regulator of host defense system by mediating both innate and adaptive immune responses. IFN-γ signaling is primarily associated with inflammation and cell-mediated immune responses. IFN-γ is also represented as antitumor cytokine which facilitates immunosurveillance in tumor cells. In addition, IFN-γ mediated signaling also elicits pro-tumorigenic transformations and promotes tumor progression. Impact of IFN-γ signaling in mammalian cells has been widely studied which indicate that IFN-γ orchestrates distinct cellular functions including immunomodulation, leukocyte trafficking, apoptosis, anti-microbial, and both anti- and pro-tumorigenic role. However, a detailed network of IFN-γ signaling pathway is currently lacking. Therefore, we systematically curated the literature information pertaining to IFN-γ signaling and develop a comprehensive signaling network to facilitate better understanding of IFN-γ mediated signaling. A total of 124 proteins were catalogued that were experimentally proven to be involved in IFN-γ signaling cascade. These 124 proteins were found to participate in 81 protein-protein interactions, 94 post-translational modifications, 20 translocation events, 54 activation/inhibiton reactions. Further, 236 differential expressed genes were also documented in IFN-γ mediated signaling. IFN-γ signaling pathway is made freely available to scientific audience through NetPath at ( http://www.netpath.org/pathways?path_id=NetPath_32 ). We believe that documentation of reactions pertaining to IFN-γ signaling and development of pathway map will facilitate further research in IFN-γ associated human diseases including cancer.</p>
Mohd Younis Bhat, Hitendra S. Solanki, Jayshree Advani, Aafaque Ahmad Khan, T. S. Keshava Prasad, Harsha Gowda, Thiyagarajan, S., and Aditi Chatterjee, “Comprehensive network map of interferon gamma signaling.”, J Cell Commun Signal, 2018.