Publication Type:

Journal Article


IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Volume 149, Issue 1-9, Number 1, p.012038 (2016)



Welding is one of the most common metal joining techniques used in industry for decades. As in the global manufacturing scenario the products should be more cost effective. Therefore the selection of right process with optimal parameters will help the industry in minimizing their cost of production. SA 106 Grade B steel has a wide application in Automobile chassis structure, Boiler tubes and pressure vessels industries. Employing central composite design the process parameters for Gas Tungsten Arc Welding was optimized. The input parameters chosen were weld current, peak current and frequency. The joint tensile strength was the response considered in this study. Analysis of variance was performed to determine the statistical significance of the parameters and a Regression analysis was performed to determine the effect of input parameters over the response. From the experiment the maximum tensile strength obtained was 95 KN reported for a weld current of 95 Amp, frequency of 50 Hz and peak current of 100 Amp. With an aim of maximizing the joint strength using Response optimizer a target value of 100 KN is selected and regression models were optimized. The output results are achievable with a Weld current of 62.6148 Amp, Frequency of 23.1821 Hz, and Peak current of 65.9104 Amp. Using Die penetration test the weld joints were also classified in to 2 categories as good weld and weld with defect. This will also help in getting a defect free joint when welding is performed using GTAW process.

Cite this Research Publication

A. Sumesh, Ramnadh, L. V. Sai, Manish, P., Harnath, V., and Lakshman, V., “A Computational approach in optimizing process parameters of GTAW for SA 106 Grade B steel pipes using Response surface methodology”, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 149, no. 1-9, p. 012038, 2016.