The incorporation of fly ash in concrete enhanced the durability of portland cement concrete more effectively. Fly ash is incorporated as a mineral admixture because of its advantageous properties like pozzolanic reaction and pore refinement. At the point when fly ash is added in concrete, calcium hydroxide, liberated during cement hydration, reacts with the reactive silica present in fly ash and forms calcium silicate hydrate(C-S-H) gel. This research investigates the influence of fly ash in conjunction with four different superplasticizers (SP) namely Polycarboxylate ether (PCE), Lignosulphonate (LS), Sulphonated Melamine Formaldehyde (SMF) and Sulphonated Naphthalene Formaldehyde (SNF) and on the mechanical and durability properties of concrete. Concrete was made with different levels of class F flyash replacement (0,15, 25, and 35% by mass) of cement, the w/c ratio were maintained constant as 0.37 and the superplasticizer dosage corresponding to saturation dosage. The saturation dosage of superplasticizer is measured by conducting marsh cone and minislump tests. The mechanical and durability properties tested were compressive strength, splitting tensile strength and Sorptivity. PCE based superplasticizers are found to be more effective. Modification in the mechanical by increase in later age strength and durability properties by increase of the concrete was observed with the addition of fly ash and superplasticizer in control mix
N. Manomi, Dhanya Sathyan, and Dr. Anand K. B., “Coupled effect of superplasticizer dosage and fly ash content on strength and durability of concrete”, Materials Today: Proceedings, vol. 5, pp. 24033 - 24042, 2018.