Ayurveda is a science of life emphasizing the concepts of maintenance of health in healthy and treatment of the diseases. It has 8 branches dealing with various specialties, among which Shalakya Tantra deals with the study of functioning and diseases related to the sense organs. Amongst the senses, eye is given the most importance as once the vision is lost the, one will not be able to differentiate day –night and enjoy the beauty of nature. Around 76 diseases are being explained dealing with eye diseases. The classification of these diseases is based on the site of the disease. The diseases with disturbance in vision in any form falls in the category of drishtigatarogas where the patalas are afflicted by the vitiated doshas. The concept visual perception in physiological and pathological conditions will be discussed further.
K. Siva Balaji, Ashwini B. N., and Sundararaman, “A critic on the physiological and pathological aspects of drishti and its clinical application”, International Journal of Current Research, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 50929-50931, 2017.