Publication Type:

Journal Article


International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, Volume 43, Number 1, p.40-46 (2012)



Ambient conditions, Curve fitting, Data sheets, DC-DC converters, Design and Development, Extraction techniques, Fast response, Feedback, Feedback compensators, Good stability, Hardware, Hardware simulators, Incident solar radiation, Mathematical models, Model-based OPC, Operating condition, Photovoltaic arrays, Photovoltaic cells, PV arrays, Simulators, Solar panels, Steady state errors, Switched mode, Test case, Transient conditions


This paper presents a model based hardware simulator to emulate a photovoltaic (PV) array/module for all operating conditions. For making the model accurate the values of manufacturer dependent parameters pertaining to a PV array are extracted from the published data sheet of the array by a curve fitting based extraction technique. The proposed simulator consists of a microcontroller controlled switched mode DC-DC converter. The mathematical model of the PV array is embedded in the controller with provisions for the user to enter the required ambient conditions. A feedback compensator is implemented to achieve fast response and good stability and to minimize the steady-state error. As a test case to design, develop and test for compliance the published data of 115 W solar panel Shell S115 has been used. The prototype is tested for steady-state and transient conditions. The experimental results of the simulator are presented. The results are compared with the cell characteristics available in literature and compliance is confirmed. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


cited By (since 1996)7

Cite this Research Publication

Aa Vijayakumari, Devarajan, A. Ta, and Devarajan, Nb, “Design and development of a model-based hardware simulator for photovoltaic array”, International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, vol. 43, pp. 40-46, 2012.