Publication Type:

Journal Article


Carbohydrate Polymers, Volume 91, Number 1, p.48-51 (2013)



5-fluorouracil, antineoplastic agent, Antineoplastic Agents, apoptosis, article, Biological Transport, Cell Line, chemistry, chitin, Dermatology, drug carrier, Drug Carriers, drug effect, fluorouracil, gel, Gels, human, Humans, Materials Testing, Melanoma, metabolism, Nanogels, nanomaterial, Nanostructured materials, Nanostructures, Oncology, pathology, permeability, skin, Skin cancers, Skin Neoplasms, skin tumor, toxicity, Transdermal drug delivery, transport at the cellular level, Tumor, tumor cell line


This study focuses on development and evaluation of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) loaded chitin nanogels (FCNGs). It formed good, stable aqueous dispersion with spherical particles in 120-140 nm size range and showed pH responsive swelling and drug release. The FCNGs showed toxicity on melanoma (A375) in a concentration range of 0.4-2.0 mg/mL, but less toxicity toward human dermal fibroblast (HDF) cells by MTT assay. Confocal analysis revealed uptake of FCNGs by both cells. From skin permeation experiments, FCNGs showed almost same steady state flux as that of control 5-FU but the retention in the deeper layers of skin was found to be 4-5 times more from FCNGs. Histopathological evaluation revealed loosening of the horny layer of epidermis by interaction of cationically charged chitin, with no observed signs of inflammation and so FCNGs can be a good option for treatment of skin cancers. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.


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Cite this Research Publication

Mab Sabitha, Rejinold, NaSanoj, Nair, Aa, Lakshmanan, V. - Ka, Nair, S. Va, and Jayakumar, Ra, “Development and evaluation of 5-fluorouracil loaded chitin nanogels for treatment of skin cancer”, Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 91, pp. 48-51, 2013.