Publication Type:

Journal Article


Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences, Volume 4, Number 2, p.107-111 (2012)



adult, anemia, article, clinical article, controlled study, cost benefit analysis, dyspnea, economic evaluation, erythropoietin, female, Health care, health care cost, hemodialysis, human, hypotension, India, infection, kidney failure, male, muscle cramp, nausea, observational study, patient satisfaction, patient selection, pharmacoeconomics, priority journal, private hospital, prospective study, pruritus, quality of life, reimbursement, renal replacement therapy, social status, tertiary health care, vomiting


Background: In India the incidence of end stage renal disease (ESRD) is increasing day by day and the option for the treatment of ESRD is dialysis or transplantation. In the present scenario, due to the cost of treatment normal people can afford only hemodialysis rather than transplantation. Since the cost of hemodialysis differs across the country, research is needed to evaluate its exact cost. Aim: This study is to analyze the healthcare cost of hemodialysis in a private hospital of South India. Materials and Methods: This is a prospective, observational study carried out in a tertiary care hospital. Patients who are undergoing routine hemodialysis in this hospital were selected for the study. Patient data as well as cost details were collected for a period of six months. Thirty patients were selected for the study and a total of 2160 dialysis sessions were studied. Patient perspective was taken for the analysis of cost. Both direct and indirect costs were analyzed. This includes cost of dialysis, investigations, erythropoietin, food, transportation, lost wages etc. Socioeconomic status of the patient was also studied. Result: The total cost per session was found to be around Rs. 4500. Fifty six percent contributes direct medical cost whereas 20% contributes direct non medical cost. Twenty four percent cost was due to indirect costs. Since the patients are paying from their own pocket, only the upper or upper middle class patient can undergo hemodialysis regularly. Conclusion: These findings are important to find out the impact of cost of hemodialysis on patients suffering from ESRD. Further studies related to costs and outcome, otherwise known as pharmacoeconomic studies, are needed to analyze the pros and cons of renal replacement therapy and to improve the quality of life of ESRD patients. Thus pharmacoeconomical studies are needed to realize that government has to take initiative to provide insurance or reimbursement for the common people.


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Cite this Research Publication

Aab Suja, Anju, Ra, Anju, Va, Neethu, Ja, Peeyush, Pa, and Saraswathy, Rc, “Economic evaluation of end stage renal disease patients undergoing hemodialysis”, Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences, vol. 4, pp. 107-111, 2012.