This paper presents a study on the effect of solidity and airfoil profile on the performance of Vertical Axis Wind Turbines (VAWTs). A 1.1 kW commercially viable Darrieus VAWT was studied using ANSYS Fluent. Four different airfoils – NACA 0012, NACA 0015, NACA 0030 and AIR 001 – were considered in the analysis. The tip speed ratios (λ) were varied from 1 to 2.5 with an incoming wind velocity of 10 m/s. It was observed that NACA 0030 performed better at lower values of λ due to long duration of attached flow; while NACA 0012 performed better at λ > 1.8 with a wider range of λ. The shed vortex dissipates much faster for thinner airfoils than for thicker airfoils at higher values of λ. Two bladed VAWTs generated more power than the three bladed turbines. This indicated that turbines with lower solidity perform better at high λ. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
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A. Subramanian, Yogesh, S. A., Sivanandan, H., Giri, A., Vasudevan, M., Mugundhan, V., and Dr. Ratna Kishore V., “Effect of airfoil and solidity on performance of small scale vertical axis wind turbine using three dimensional CFD model”, Energy, vol. 133, pp. 179-190, 2017.