Infertility is well-established harmful effect in chronic alcoholism and so far, there is no effective treatment for this condition. The study was conducted to determine the effects of lecithin, a known hepatoprotective on ethanol induced testicular injuries in male albino rats of Wistar strain. Five groups (n=6) of animals were used. Group I served as control. Group II received daily 1.6 g ethanol/kg body weight/day for 4 weeks orally. Group III received 1.6 g ethanol + 500 mg lecithin/kg body weight/day for four weeks orally. Group IV received 1.6 g ethanol/kg body weight for/day 4 weeks and followed by 500 mg lecithin/kg body weight/day for four weeks orally. Group V received 1.6 g ethanol/kg body weight/day orally for 4 weeks, followed by 4 weeks abstinence. Twenty-four hours after the last treatment the rats were sacrificed using anesthetic ether. Testes were removed and used for the estimation of extent of lipid peroxidation and tissue levels of antioxidants and steroidogenic enzymes. Lecithin protected testes from ethanol induced oxidative stress. However, the drug did not show any considerable effect on the activities of testicular Δ5, 3β-HSD and 17β-HSD. In conclusion, ethanol induced oxidative stress can be reversed by treatment with lecithin. However the effect of lecithin on steroidogenesis was not promising.
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D. M. Vasudevan, Maneesh, M., Jayalekshmi, H., Dutta, S., and Chakrabarti, A., “Effect of exogenous lecithin on ethanol-induced testicular injuries in Wistar rats”, Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, vol. 49, pp. 297-304, 2005.