<p>A large amount of hidden biological information is contained in the human genome, which is not expressed or revealed in the form of proteins; the usual end product form of gene expression. Instead, most of such information is in the form of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs). ncRNAs correspond to genes that are transcribed, but do not get translated into proteins. This part of the genome was, till recently, considered as ‘junk’. The term ‘junk’ implied lack of any discernible function of these RNA. More than 98% of the human genomic size encompasses these non-coding RNAs. But, recent research has evidently brought out the indispensible contribution of non-coding RNA in controlling and regulating gene expression. ncRNA such as siRNAs and microRNAs have been reported to greatly help in causing post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS) in cells through RNA interference (RNAi) pathway. In this work, we have investigated the possibility of using siRNAs and microRNAs to aid in gene silencing of early onset Alzheimer’s disease genes…</p>
D. Gopakumar, Mohan, A., Radhagayathri, K. U., Gopal, V., Vasavi, C. S., Premkumar, P., P. K. Krishnan Namboori, and Ramachandran, K. I., “Effect of Non-Coding RNA on Post-Transcriptional Gene Silencing of Alzheimer Disease”, Nature Precedings, 2010.