The present study demonstrates a novel approach by which titanium foils coated with electropolymerized poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) in combination with sputtered platinum can be processed into a high-surface area cathodes for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). A detailed study has been performed to elucidate how surface nanomorphology and I-/I3- redox reaction behaviors underlying these photocathodes impact the DSSC performances. From the analysis of the relevant electrochemical parameters, an intrinsic correlation between the photovoltaic performances and the cathode surface area has been deduced for such a system and explained on the basis of relative contributions of the galvanic coupling properties of the nanomorphology PEDOT film and platinum. Depending on the type of photocathodes incorporated, it was observed that these PEDOT coated cathodes can exhibit higher stability over a given time range and photo-conversion efficiencies 12-40%, higher than that achievable in absence of the intermediate PEDOT coatings. It has been shown that DSSCs based on such metal-polymer hybrid photo-cathodes allow significant room for improvement in the catalytic performance at the electrode/electrolyte interface. Copyright © 2012 American Scientific Publishers.
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A. A. Madhavan, Kalluri, S., Paravannoor, A., Nagarajan, S., Subramanian, K. R. V., Nair, S., and Balakrishnan, A., “Effect of surface nanomorphology and interfacial galvanic coupling of pedot-titanium counter electrodes on the stability of dye-Sensitized Solar Cell”, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, vol. 12, pp. 6340-6345, 2012.