The developments in quantum computing or any breakthrough in factorization algorithm would have far-reaching consequences in cryptology. For instance, shor algorithm of factorizing in quantum computing might render the RSA type classical cryptography almost obsolete since it mainly depends on the computational complexity of factorization. Therefore, quantum cryptography is of immense importance and value in the modern context of recent scientific revolution. In this chapter, the authors discuss in brief certain fascinating aspects of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) Paradox in the context of quantum cryptology. The EPR protocol and its connections to the famous Bell’s inequality are also considered in here.
N. Karuppath kutty and Achuthan P., “Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox and Certain Aspects of Quantum Cryptology with Some Applications”, in Cyber Security, Cyber Crime and Cyber Forensics: Applications and Perspectives: Applications and Perspectives, USA[Editors Dr. T. S. Raghu, (Arizona State University, USA) and Dr. M. Sethumadhavan (Amrita), Dr. Mohit Virendra, (Brocade Communications Corp. USA)]: IGI Global, 2010, p. 231.