Drug-coated sutures are widely used as delivery depots for antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs at surgical wound sites. Although drug-laden coating provides good localized drug concentration, variable loading efficiency and release kinetics limits its use. Alternatively, drug incorporation within suture matrices is hampered by the harsh fabrication conditions required for suture-strength enhancement. To circumvent these limitations, we fabricated mechanically robust electrospun core-sheath yarns as sutures, with a central poly-l-lactic acid core, and a drug-eluting poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid sheath. The electrospun sheath was incorporated with aceclofenac or insulin to demonstrate versatility of the suture in loading both chemical and biological class of drugs. Aceclofenac and insulin incorporated sutures exhibited 15% and 4% loading, and release for 10 and 7 days, respectively. Aceclofenac sutures demonstrated reduced epidermal hyperplasia and cellularity in skin-inflammation animal model, while insulin loaded sutures showed enhanced cellular migration in wound healing assay. In conclusion, we demonstrate an innovative strategy of producing mechanically strong, prolonged drug-release sutures loaded with different classes of drugs. © 2016 American Chemical Society.
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S. Padmakumar, Joseph, J., Neppalli, M. H., Mathew, S. E., Shantikumar V Nair, Dr. Sahadev Shankarappa, and Menon, D., “Electrospun Polymeric Core-sheath Yarns as Drug Eluting Surgical Sutures”, ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, vol. 8, pp. 6925-6934, 2016.