The objective of this study was to evaluate intraperitoneal (IP) metronomic chemotherapy using sustained release paclitaxel (PTX) delivery from electrospun biodegradable polymeric yarns woven into suturable nanotextiles. Following confirmation of in vitro PTX efficacy in ID8-VEGF epithelial ovarian cancer cells, in vivo studies were performed upon surgical peritoneal implantation of nanotextile implants in orthotopic, syngeneic ID8-VEGF tumor-bearing C57BL/6 mice. In comparison to the clinical PTX-solution, there was a significant enhancement of anti-tumor efficacy and safety with PTX-nanotextiles. After 35-days, the peritoneum of tumor-bearing mice with PTX-nanotextiles was completely devoid of tumor nodules and ascitic fluid. Additionally, VEGF levels measured in peritoneal lavage fluid were 300-fold lower compared to PTX-solution and 600-fold lower as compared to untreated tumor-bearing animals. PTX-solution treated group also developed severe metastatic lesions and progressive ascitic fluid buildup. More importantly, no signs of systemic/ organ toxicity were observed in PTX-nanotextile implanted mice, unlike the systemic toxic effects induced by PTX-solution. Collectively, our results show the therapeutic and safety advantages offered by combining clinically translatable metronomic low-dose chemotherapy and IP pharmacokinetics using biodegradable nanotextile implants in addressing the challenges of late-stage ovarian cancer.
S. Padmakumar, Parayath, N. N., Shantikumar V Nair, Dr. Deepthy Menon, and Amiji, M. M., “Enhanced Anti-tumor Efficacy and Safety with Metronomic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy for Metastatic Ovarian Cancer using Biodegradable Nanotextile Implants.”, Journal of Controlled Release, vol. 305, pp. 29-40, 2019.